Congklak / Congkak played in Indonesia

Congklak / Congkak, is a game origin played in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei and Southern Thailand.In java it’s Called Dakon or Dhakon . Congkak, always played often girls, has simple rules . Congkak boards are often made of teak or mahogany wood are often elaborately carved into various shapes .

The word congkak is believed to originate from old Malay “congak”, meaning “mental calculation” which is mainly practiced in this game. It is regarded that an efficient player who mentally calculates a few steps in advance will have an advantage in collecting points to win the game.

The word congkak or congklak also means cowrie shells, used in the game.

The Congkak board has fourteen holes in two sets of seven . Each player controls the seven holes on their side of the board, and their score is the number of seeds in their big hole . In my country , the holes are called anak , while the larger store holes are called indung

A total of 98 pieces , cowrie shells and tamarind seeds Seven seeds are placed in each hole except for the players’ store. The objective of the game is to capture more seeds than one’s opponent.

The rules is :
-Players take turns moving the seeds except in the first move , beginning with the hole closest to his/her big hole.

-After this first simultaneous movement, once the last seed falls into an empty hole, the players’ first turn is over and the opponent of the player start his /her turn .

-On a turn, a player chooses one of the seven holes under their control. The player removes all seeds from this hole, and distributes them in each hole clockwise from this hole, in a process called sowing. Sowing skips an opponent’s big hole, but does not skip a player’s own big hole.

-If a player is unable to fill a hole with seven seeds that hole is considered sunog all excess seeds are returned to the big hole . The round begins with the player with no sunog holes taking his/her turn sowing first.

-If the last seed falls into an occupied hole, all the seeds are removed from that hole, and are sown starting from that hole. The process continues until the last seed falls into a player’s store, or an empty hole.

-If the last seed sown falls into a player’s own big hole , they immediately earn another turn, which can begin at any of the seven holes under their control.

-The game ends, when a player has no seeds in his holes at the start of his turn. The remaining seeds are awarded to his opponent.

-The objective of the game is to capture more seeds than one’s opponent.

Ảnh của Alif Raihan.
Ảnh của Alif Raihan.Ảnh của Alif Raihan.


2 thoughts on “Congklak / Congkak played in Indonesia

  1. Selfia Alfianti:

    The oldest mancala game boards were found in a ruined fort of roman egypt and date back to the 4th century AD.The game was likely introduced to the southeast asia by indian or arab traders in the 15th century.it is belived to have spread throughout malay world through merchants via malacca,an important tranding powst at time.
    The next story.The oldest mancala game boards were found in a ruined fort of roman egypt and date back to the 4th century AD.The game was likely introduced to the southeast asia by indian or arab traders in the 15th century.it is belived to have spread throughout malay world through merchants via malacca,an important tranding powst at time.

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